Brooding Management (How to start poultry farming)Part-2

There are three seasons of Brooding:

Summer season (April to September):

Some key points of summer season brooding:

Brooding Management
  1. Never temperature high
  2. To keep optimum temperature
  3. Consider heat source
  4. Consider ventilation
  5. Vitamin –C, Mineral source
  6. Considering cold water
  7. Consider space
  8. Consider litter management
  9. Finally light source.

Winter season (December to January):

Some key points of winter season brooding:

  1. Never temperature low
  2. To keep optimum temperature considering heat source
  3. To consider ventilation source
  4. Finally to consider space

To consider letter management

Mid- season (February to March and October to November):

Some key points of mid- season brooding:

  1. To minimize fluctuation of temperature.

Type of Brooding:

  1. Whole housing brooding
  2. Specific area brooding by Electric brooder or Gas brooder

Some essential elements are important for brooding:

  1. Temperature
  2. Light
  3. Ventilation
  4. Floor Space
  5. Feeder & Drinker space
  6. Then Nutrition.

Before setting the brooding materials we should consider

  1. Bird number.
  2. Brooder & other equipment
  3. The position of the brooder.
  4. Rice husk.
  5. Electric goods
  6. Feeder, Drinker, Bucket, plate, pot, rope, drum.
  7. Uniform, sandal.
  8. Balance.
  9. Finally, record file.

Brooder set up:

  1. Chick Guard: Summer         Height: 18”
  2.                         Winter           Height: 30”
  3. Chicks guard diameter (for 500 chicks): 8 – 9’ for winter & 10-12’ for summer,
  4. Electric brooder: Bulb set up & check if necessary use gas brooder.
  5. Brooding period: Summer: 2-3 wks.   Winter: 4-5 wks.

Proper Brooding:

The normal behavior of Optimum temperature:

Improper Brooding: Chick noise during brooding uncomfortable.

A symptom of chilled chicks:

  1. Pile under the hover if the temperature is low.
  2. Intestinal and caecal content will be watery and gaseous.
  3. Droppings will be wet & vent will be pasty.
Abnormal behavior in cold weather.
Abnormal behavior in cold weather.

Effects of chilled chicks:

  1. Increased mortality.
  2. Stress condition.
  3. Dehydration.
  4. Low growth rate.
  5. Poor uniformity.

Factors affecting the overheated chicks:

  • Dehydration resulting/ stunting
  • Poor uniformity
  • Decrease feed consumption
  • Severe cases, high mortality due to cardiovascular failure
  • Pasty vent

Factors affecting under heated chicks:

  • Pile under the hover if temperature is low
  • Dropping will be wet & vent will be pasty
  • Increase mortality
  • Low growth rate
  • Poor uniformity

More about know you can see my practical video tutorial video

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