There are three seasons of Brooding:
Summer season (April to September):
Some key points of summer season brooding:
- Never temperature high
- To keep optimum temperature
- Consider heat source
- Consider ventilation
- Vitamin –C, Mineral source
- Considering cold water
- Consider space
- Consider litter management
- Finally light source.
Winter season (December to January):
Some key points of winter season brooding:
- Never temperature low
- To keep optimum temperature considering heat source
- To consider ventilation source
- Finally to consider space
To consider letter management
Mid- season (February to March and October to November):
Some key points of mid- season brooding:
- To minimize fluctuation of temperature.
Type of Brooding:
- Whole housing brooding
- Specific area brooding by Electric brooder or Gas brooder
Some essential elements are important for brooding:
- Floor Space
- Feeder & Drinker space
- Then Nutrition.
Before setting the brooding materials we should consider
- Bird number.
- Brooder & other equipment
- The position of the brooder.
- Rice husk.
- Electric goods
- Feeder, Drinker, Bucket, plate, pot, rope, drum.
- Uniform, sandal.
- Finally, record file.
Brooder set up:
- Chick Guard: Summer Height: 18”
- Winter Height: 30”
- Chicks guard diameter (for 500 chicks): 8 – 9’ for winter & 10-12’ for summer,
- Electric brooder: Bulb set up & check if necessary use gas brooder.
- Brooding period: Summer: 2-3 wks. Winter: 4-5 wks.
Improper Brooding: Chick noise during brooding uncomfortable.
A symptom of chilled chicks:
- Pile under the hover if the temperature is low.
- Intestinal and caecal content will be watery and gaseous.
- Droppings will be wet & vent will be pasty.
Effects of chilled chicks:
- Increased mortality.
- Stress condition.
- Low growth rate.
- Poor uniformity.
Factors affecting the overheated chicks:
- Dehydration resulting/ stunting
- Poor uniformity
- Decrease feed consumption
- Severe cases, high mortality due to cardiovascular failure
- Pasty vent
Factors affecting under heated chicks:
- Pile under the hover if temperature is low
- Dropping will be wet & vent will be pasty
- Increase mortality
- Low growth rate
- Poor uniformity
More about know you can see my practical video tutorial video