What is Brooding?
Brooding means to keep the chicks in a comfortable environment which is helpful to run and maintain their physiological activities properly.
Objectives of Broodings.
- To protect chicks from any disfavor environment like cold, heat, rain etc.
- Vaccine response will be good.
- Have to get good uniformity in the broodings period.
- Have to get the disease free flock.
- To get good FCR
- To make good immuno-organ.
Key points of brooding management (0-4 wks)
- Bodyweight & uniformity.
- The density of the birds.
- Floor space.
- Feeder space & Feed distribution.
- Drinker space.
Effect of improper brooding:
- The yolk sac is not drawn properly as a result E-Coli, or other disease affected.
- Vaccine response will not be good.
- Haven’t to make good immuno-organ.
- Not to get the good uniform flock.
- Haven’t get good FCR
- Not to get a disease free flock.
Temperature management (0-4 wks)
|Age (days)||Temperature 0c|
Lighting management (0-4 wks)
|Age (days)||Lighting hours|
Natural day light
Floor space (sq.ft./bird) (0-4 wks)
|Age ( days)||Winter season||Summer season|
After 20 days
There are three seasons of Brooding:
Summer season (April to September):
Some key points of summer season:
- Never temperature high.
- To keep optimum temperature.
- Considering heat source.
- To consider ventilation.
- Have to consider Vitamin –C, Mineral source.
- Consider cold water.
- Have to Consider space.
- Consider litter management.
- Consider the light source.
Winter season (December to January):
Some key points of winter season brooding:
- Never temperature low.
- To keep optimum temperature considering heat source.
- Consider ventilation source.
- Have to consider space.
- To consider letter management.
Mid- season (February to March & October to November):
Some key points of mid- season brooding:
- To minimize fluctuation of temperature.
To days no more ……….. have to continue.
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