Brooding Management (How to start poultry farming),Part-1

What is Brooding?


Brooding means to keep the chicks in a comfortable environment which is helpful to run and maintain their physiological activities properly.

Objectives of Broodings.


  1. To protect chicks from any disfavor environment like cold, heat, rain etc.
  2. Vaccine response will be good.
  3. Have to get good uniformity in the broodings period.
  4. Have to get the disease free flock.
  5. To get good FCR
  6. To make good immuno-organ.



BROODING
Brooding Management

Key points of brooding management (0-4 wks)


  • Temperature
  • Ventilation
  • Bodyweight & uniformity.
  • The density of the birds.
  • Floor space.
  • Feeder space & Feed distribution.
  • Drinker space.
  • Debeaking


Effect of improper brooding:


  • The yolk sac is not drawn properly as a result E-Coli, or other disease affected.
  • Vaccine response will not be good.
  • Haven’t to make good immuno-organ.
  • Not to get the good uniform flock.
  • Haven’t get good FCR
  • Not to get a disease free flock.




Temperature management (0-4 wks)
Age (days) Temperature 0c
1-3

4-7

8-14

15-21

22-133

33

30

28

27

26



 


Lighting management (0-4 wks)

Age (days)  Lighting hours
1-2

3-5

6-8

9-11

12-14

15-133

23

20

18

16

14

Natural day light

Floor space (sq.ft./bird) (0-4 wks)

Age ( days) Winter season Summer season
1-3

4-7

8-11

12-14

15-20

After 20 days

0.20

0.35

0.45

0.50

0.60

1.50-2.00

0.30

0.40

0.60

0.85

1.00

1.5-2.00




There are three seasons of Brooding:


Summer season (April to September):


Some key points of summer season:

  • Never temperature high.
  • To keep optimum temperature.
  • Considering heat source.
  • To consider ventilation.
  • Have to consider Vitamin –C, Mineral source.
  • Consider cold water.
  • Have to Consider space.
  • Consider litter management.
  • Consider the light source.



Winter season (December to January):


Some key points of winter season brooding:

  • Never temperature low.
  • To keep optimum temperature considering heat source.
  • Consider ventilation source.
  • Have to consider space.
  • To consider letter management.




Mid- season (February to March & October to November):


Some key points of mid- season brooding:

  • To minimize fluctuation of temperature.




To days no more ……….. have to continue.

see the video tutorial

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